In the twentieth century there are three humans who I believe contributed to the expansion of knowledge by creating a paradigm shift in thought that affects all humanity as we enter the twenty-first century.
Those humans are:
R. Buckminster Fuller
John Fitzgeral Kennedy
They were and still remain my present day modern road models forming the Foundation for my personal autobiography “Navigating between a Quark and the Cosmos” which I hope to finish as a legacy for my children and leave to all who want to make our small planet safe for all.
The following comes directly from a book written by R Buckminster Fuller “Nine Chains to the Moon” which appears to encapsulate the Primary Motivations of Man: Fear and Longing.
It is written, word for word, as it appears in chapter 10 of his book, quoted below:
In an article analyzing the relationship between religion and science, Einstein said: “Everything that men do or think concerns the satisfaction of the needs they feel or the escape from pain. This must be kept in mind when we seek to understand spiritual or intellectual movements and the way in which they develop. Feeling and longing are the motive forces of all human striving and productivity - however nobly these may display themselves to us.”
Einstein went on to reduce these two motivating forces to two defining words. He chose FEAR and LONGING because he needed a biological or polar terminology. They are, however, arbitrary terms.
To clarify somewhat the selection of these words by Einstein, we define FEAR as CONTRACTION and EXCLUSION, with a consequent compressingly squeezed out potential of knowledge.
LONGING, conversely, is EXPANSION and INCLUSION, with a consequent vacuum pulled absorption of potential knowledge.
KNOWLEDGE means checked and double-checked UNDERSTANDING.
Inasmuch as we can think consciously only in terms of experience-despite a a willing subscription to “inclusion” - UNDERSTANDING comes periodically to an impasse through lack of experience. At such an IMPASSE, a temporary condition other than fear or longing is provoked. This the condition of LONELINESS.
An inability, despite willingness, to understand, yet part of a motion (the pure motion of the expanding universe), forced to grow, this non-experienced expansion representing a state provoked , neither by longing nor fear, is L-ONE-liness.
There are two kinds of L-ONE-liness, namely that experienced in the macrocosm, and that experienced in the microcosm. All scientist-artist-explorers experience L-ONE-liness at one time or another.
The scientist-artist, in either the microcosm or macrocosm, is however, a dynamically balanced, longing-dominated being.